Make an outline of the essay

Writers from suggest to make an outline of the structure of your thesis. This can be done either as a formal sketch or you can just plan it in your mind. However, you need to decide how to present your material to get the best effect. In case you are going to write this essay for the AP exam, you should know that those who will qualify it will look for a specific structure, which is the following:

- The introductory paragraph: 1. An introductory sentence that works as a hook that captures the interest of the reader. 2. Identification of the issue on which you will discuss. 3. The thesis statement.
- The body paragraphs: 1. A topic sentence that provides a reason why your thesis should be supported. 2. Your explanation and opinion of the topic sentence. 3. Support from sources that supports the claim you have made. 4. An explanation of the importance of the source (s).
- The concluding paragraph: 1. State the deeper importance of the topic from the evidence and reasons you discussed in the essay. 2. A deep thought or reasoned ending to your essay.

Use a more creative structure to present your thesis like writers from Mcessay do. In case you are not writing this argumentative synthesis essay for the AP exam, you should plan to use a more elaborate structure than the one mentioned above. You can develop your essay using one or more of the following approaches:

- Example or illustration: This can be a detailed account, a summary, or a direct quote from the source, giving you important support for your point of view. It is possible to use multiple examples or illustrations if the essay requires it, but you should not make your essay become a series of examples at the cost of supporting your thesis.
- The straw man fallacy: This technique presents an argument against the argument that you mention in the thesis and then demonstrates the weaknesses and defects of the counterargument. By using this format, you show awareness of the opposition and are willing to respond to it. The counterargument is presented right after the thesis, then the evidence is presented to refute it, and finally a positive argument to support the thesis.
- Concession: While essays containing concessions are similar in structure to those using the straw man fallacy, they do acknowledge the validity of the counterargument while demonstrating that the original argument is stronger. This is a good structure for presenting essays to readers who have the opposite point of view.
- Compare and contrast: this structure compares the similarities and contrasts the differences between two topics or sources in such a way that the facets of both are shown. To write an essay with this structure, you need to read the sources carefully to find both subtle and important points of similarity and difference. Essays of this type may present their arguments one source at a time or by points of similarity or difference.

Create an outline suitable for a background synthesis essay or review. For the most part, synthesis essays focus entirely on mentioning and supporting a thesis, while background and review essays explore ideas found in sources rather than focus on the author's point of view. Synthesis trials of this type can be structured in two basic ways:

- Summary: Through this structure, summaries are presented from each of the relevant sources, which establishes a progressively stronger argument for your thesis. It offers specific evidence that supports your point of view, although it tends to omit presenting your own opinions. It is most often used for background and review essays.
- List of reasons: this constitutes a series of sub-points that flow from the main point of your essay as it appears in the thesis. Every reason is backed up with evidence. As with the summary method, the reasons should be progressively more important, with the most important being found at the end.